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In today's competitive market, establishing a strong brand identity is crucial for business success. One way to ensure this is through trademark protection. Trademarks are not just symbols but a representation of your business’ reputation and goodwill. In the Philippines, where local and international businesses thrive, understanding the essence and importance of trademarks is crucial.

Understanding Trademarks

A trademark is a unique sign, logo, or expression associated with your brand, helping the public identify your goods or services. There are several types of trademarks, including:

  • Standard Character Marks: Text trademarks without any style or font specification.
  • Stylized/Logo Marks: Trademarks involving unique stylization or logos.

Note: The Philippines only protects visually perceptible marks, and non-visually perceptible marks such as sound, smell, touch, and taste marks are not registrable.

The Trademark Registration Process

Registering a trademark in the Philippines follows a systematic process. It’s essential to first ensure that your desired trademark is distinctive and not similar to existing trademarks.

Step 1: Conduct a Trademark Search

Before filing a trademark application, it's important to conduct a trademark search to ensure that your proposed trademark is not already registered or being used by someone else. You can conduct a trademark search on the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL) website.

Step 2: Prepare the Trademark Application

Once you've conducted a trademark search and confirmed that your proposed trademark is available, you can proceed with preparing the trademark application. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Fill out the trademark application form. You can file an application for trademark registration using eTM File on the IPOPHL website.
  2. Provide a clear representation of the trademark. This can be a drawing or a digital image of the trademark.
  3. Specify the goods or services that the trademark will be used for.
  4. Pay the filing fee. The fee varies depending on the number of classes of goods or services that the trademark will be used for.
Step 3: Submit the Trademark Application

After you've prepared the trademark application, you can submit it to the IPOPHL. You can submit the application online through eTM File or in person at the IPOPHL office.

IPOPHL, Address: Intellectual Property Center, 28 Upper McKinley Rd, Taguig, 1634 Metro Manila

Step 4: Wait for the Trademark Application to be Processed

The IPOPHL will review your trademark application to ensure that it meets all the requirements. If there are any issues with the application, the IPOPHL will notify you and give you a chance to correct them. If the application is accepted, the IPOPHL will publish the trademark in the IPOPHL E-Gazette.

Step 5: Receive the Trademark Certificate

If there are no objections to the trademark during the publication period, the IPOPHL will issue a trademark certificate. The certificate will be valid for 10 years from the date of registration and can be renewed for successive periods of 10 years.

International Trademark Applications

International trademark registration is also an option for businesses operating beyond Philippine shores. This can be done through the Madrid Protocol, which simplifies the international trademark registration process.

Benefits of Registering a Trademark

Registering your trademark provides numerous benefits including:

  • Legal Protection: Protects your brand against unauthorized use and infringement.
  • Brand Recognition: Enhances brand recall and fosters customer loyalty.
  • Competitive Advantage: Provides an edge in the market, showcasing your brand’s authenticity and credibility.

Maintaining Your Trademark

Once you have successfully registered your trademark in the Philippines, it is important to maintain and renew it to ensure that it remains valid and enforceable. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. A trademark registration is valid for 10 years from the date of registration.
  2. To maintain your trademark, you must file a Declaration of Actual Use (DAU) of the mark, along with evidence of its use, within three years from the filing date of the trademark application, within one year from the fifth anniversary of the date of registration
     , and within one year from the date of renewal of registration.
  3. The DAU must include proof of use of the trademark in the Philippines, such as labels, packaging, brochures, advertising materials, receipts, invoices, or downloaded pages from the website of the applicant or registrant.
  4. Failure to file the DAU within the prescribed period will result in the cancellation of the trademark registration.

Renewing Your Trademark

  1. A trademark registration may be renewed for periods of 10 years after the expiration of the original 10-year term.
  2. The request for renewal may be made at any time within six months before the expiry of the period for which the registration was issued or within six months after such expiry.
  3. The renewal application must be filed with the IPOPHL and must include the following information: the registration number, the name and address of the registrant, the mark, the goods or services covered by the mark, and the date of the registration.
  4. The renewal application must also be accompanied by the payment of the renewal fee.


Trademark registration and protection are essential steps in establishing and maintaining a strong brand identity. Whether you're a local entrepreneur or an international business owner, understanding and navigating the trademark landscape is crucial for safeguarding your brand's reputation and success in the Philippine market.

How Recurra Can Assist You

Navigating through the trademark registration process can be challenging, but you don't have to do it alone. At Recurra, we specialize in providing comprehensive Intellectual Property (IP) services to both local and international clients.

Our seasoned team of IP professionals can guide you through each step of the trademark process, ensuring that your brand receives the protection it deserves.

Get in touch with us today to learn more about how we can assist you in safeguarding your brand.

Post by JR Quilantang
August 15, 2023